Professional fertilizing of tomatoes grown up outside
The best way to achieve higher yields is through proper fertilization. We are opening this topic not with the idea of advertising the product for similar products such as Kristalon, Mastarblend, Laktofol combined, granulated fertilizer, etc.. with the same content, concentration and proportions of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are adequate.
1 to obtain needed items tomatoes 2 5 kilograms. nitrogen, 1, 0 kilograms. phosphorus and 3, 6 kilograms. potassium as pure elements. For successful intensive development is necessary even enough calcium and magnesium. Phosphorus is most needed in the early development of tomato and during intensive growth of plants need more nitrogen. If not met the high requirements of water and calcium during the intensive development of the stem, leaves, colors and wrists, then the top of razkloneniyata begin to dry, resulting in the lost production.
Upon failure of the supply of potassium maturation is extended too long, and colored fruit is not enough, their quality is lower, dry low. In some types of the fruit remains green
(Scrappy ripening), and this is usually a consequence of an insufficient supply of potassium and magnesium. In the case of tomatoes for processing must be given higher doses of potassium before changing color, it will result in jointly maturity, good color and high dry matter
Specific needs of even-numbered and the adoption of nutrients.
Intensive quality tomato can be made only under appropriate conditions of intensive feeding. Requirements of section 5 yield / ha. are: 22 kilograms. nitrogen, 15 kilograms. phosphorus. 39 kilograms. potassium as pure substances.
Absorption of nitrogen increased continuously from nursery to betting on the 5th 6th bunch when it reaches its maximum point. Growth becomes much slower because of low stock, fruits become smaller, the rate of ripening was delayed. While growing outdoors Nitrogen is absorbed quickly, so we suggest the ratio N / K is 1:1, 3 - 1:1, 5
Absorption of phosphorus is the most rapidly in young age: the first 40-50 days. Therefore, the shortage of phosphorus is often in this period. Its utilization increases during the active flowering, fruit and pledged the formation of seeds.
Therefore, phosphorus in its classical understanding is starting element in the case of tomatoes, but its further delivery is also very important.
Increased absorption of potassium before maturation. To ensure a well colored fruit with good texture and good storage is crucial supply high levels of potassium. Processing tomatoes in need of potassium is even higher to achieve and hardness of the meat. Here you can have interference in the absorption of calcium not only in greenhouses, but also but open. Shortage in the ratios of nutrients, low available calcium in soil, and high doses cause reduction of potassium absorption of calcium. Calcium deficiency often occurs with magnesium deficiency. It is important to meet the strong need of magnesium in all farming systems.
Seedling phase absorption of nutrients is low, but the proper ratio of ingredients is a prerequisite for high quality seedlings, this level of phosphorus must be higher to ensure adequate stock of trace elements. In the first month of the NPK ratio is 1:0, 5:1, 5. Formation of the first bunch are determined by the supply of seedlings with nutrients. In indeterminantnite tomato shortage of nutrients in the seedling stage causing disturbances in the formation of color 5 to 6 wrist.
After planting rapidly increasing uptake of nitrogen (growing season). Up to the formation of color absorption of phosphorus and potassium increased, but at slower rates than nitrogen. Absorption of phosphorus is evenly plodovete.Za to the maturation of the quality and quantity of fruit affect the proper supply of N and K. As the need for these substances are gradually increasing.
During the maturation level of potassium should be such that the ratio N / K must be 1:2-2.7 -. Because it is very important supply of potassium during ripening. Also increased the calcium content in leaves and fruit during ripening. Leaves accumulate more intensively and in greater quantities of calcium at the expense of fruit, fruit and so often have symptoms of decay peak.
Tomatoes grown in the open for processing and fresh consumption, yields are several times higher than traditional. In the early 90's, the average industrial yields were 1, 5-3 paragraphs / ha. Today in the Polish production hybrids are already being used to provide yield more than 1 Ot. / ha, and the house of the structure can be expected to yield over 15t./dka. Such course yields can be achieved only with good fertilization and irrigation, good soil treatment and care of plants. Such yields must be secured more nutrients for a longer period.
Fertilization with granulated fertilizer: it is recommended that in the cultivation of tomatoes for processing, using gravitachno dazhdovalno or irrigation. After basic or starter fertilization can proceed with feeding before irrigation - the yield of 3-6 items / ha.
Simplified technology fertigatsiya: to achieve a yield of 3-6 items / ha, we recommend growing construction and use of drip irrigation. After fertilization mainly with Sgorsage are still feeding through fertigatsiya.
Intensive technology fertigatsiya: recommended to achieve the yield of 7-15 t. / ha. construction and using drip irrigation. Keeping full control as in greenhouse production.
To ensure sufficient nutrients and good soil structure in the autumn we have to make organic fertilizer. Before planting recommend to bring a maximum of 15 cm starter fertilizer with high phosphorus content, because in the deep opened phosphorus will be used only when flowering.
Medium heavy soil, the average stock of nutrients. (Kg. / ha, g / 1 m2)
Amount of organic fertilizer without. On manure fertilizer is mainly incorporated deeply while starter fertilization is incorporated shallow. Feeding with granular fertilizer
In the case of irrigation gravitachno fertilizer must be submitted before polivka or to incorporate shallow line.
Bezkolovo growing mainly in fertilizers, expected yield 7 item / ha (kg. / ha, gr./m2
Especially important for concentrated and dynamic picking fertilization with drip system
In the initial phase of development must continue with the introduction of FERTICARE 14-11-25 at concentrations 0, 15-0, with 2% plus Are. Before we recommend pouring out of the nursery with 0, 2% solution FERTICARE 15-30-15, this will help the formation of roots.
Between the formation of roots to the flowering of NPK ratio should be 1:0.5:1, with an average heavy soils with organic matter provided the ratio is 1:0.5:1.5. After the setting of fruit is the period of greatest need for nutrients, daily needs is twofold. When the ratio of nutrients rapidly increasing demand for K in many soils ottsedlivi ratio N / K should be 1:1, 5 - 1:2 before harvest. During the harvest is necessary to continue with fertigatsiyata to ensure betting and maturation of fruit. During this period the need to reduce nutrients, the ratio N / K is 1:1.5. Fertigatsiyata be done in 2-3 days in the growing stakes. Concentration of the solution to 0, 05-0, 1%. After part of the rain to wash away the nutrients and so the concentration should be increased to 0, 2-0, 3%
Fertigatsiya tomatoes grown in the structure and no structure to predict yield
Steps which will ensure quality and quantity using technology GrowHow:
good quality of seedlings provided with micro -
healthy root system due to high phosphorus content
sustainable plant with strong growth
development of good color and wrists and a good fruit pop
persistent fruit, good color, high dry matter content important
phosphorus level but in the early phases of development is important for the formation of roots and flowering
during naedryavane tomatoes (mid-July and August) is a critical period and should be irrigated regularly and have adequate nutrients.
good zapasenos with nutrients = good growth, good bid of fruit, excellent color consistency and high yield.
Please note the following in mind!
When you prepare a solution FERTICARE, always mix the fertilizer first and then mix pesticides!
Everyone makes smesimost test.
Information technology is said to choose the optimal fertilization should be taken into consideration local conditions and analysis of soil.
Today, the market paid particular attention to the quality of produktsiyata.Na based on the results of experiments and many years of experience we can say that the quality of crop production with the recommended technologies KEMIRA GrowHow, can meet the high demands of the market.